About children fighting
Fighting among children happens when disagreements become aggressive – for example, when they get physical or involve shouting, hitting, nasty remarks or name-calling. Children are still learning to control their emotions, so strong disagreements and fights aren’t unusual.
Sibling fights: when to step in
Sometimes it works to stand back from a disagreement, because this gives children the chance to sort it out for themselves.
But when a disagreement becomes a fight, you need to break it up before someone gets hurt. Children are still learning how to react to their emotions, so it can be hard for them to step away without adult help.
If your children fight, try to use the opportunity to help them learn skills for avoiding fights and solving problems. This can help to prevent fights in future.
Breaking up sibling fights: steps
Here’s what to do when a fight breaks out:
- Stop the fight before the crying starts. This might require physically separating your children, or sending them to opposite sides of the room to settle down.
- Keep your cool. This might sound impossible, but the idea is not to make things worse. Try to save your energy for giving positive feedback on behaviour that you want to encourage.
- Tell children you’ll talk about it later. Children are often too upset to take in what you’re saying at first. Wait until things cool down before you talk about the issue. This could even be the next day with older children.
- Apply fair consequences for fighting to all children, if your family uses consequences. For example, if your children are fighting over a toy, make sure neither child gets the toy after a fight.
If a fight breaks out while you’re driving, always pull over. Turning around to talk to children or separate them takes your attention off the road.
Handling sibling fights constructively: tips
These tips can make it easier to cool things down when sibling fights break out:
- Treat all children fairly. But remember that fair treatment isn’t necessarily the same treatment. For example, it might not be possible to treat a six-year-old and a three-year-old the same.
- Avoid negative comparisons. Saying something like, ‘You should have known better because you’re older’ or ‘You’re the troublemaker’ can make a child feel even more hurt or resentful.
- Identify the cause of fighting. This helps you work out the best thing to do. For example, if a child has pushed a sibling and taken their toy, you need to step in. If you don’t, the child learns that fighting is a way to get what you want. Keeping an eye on your children is the secret to knowing the reason for the fighting – and deciding on the right way to deal with it.
- Use family rules to make expectations about behaviour clear. You can remind your children of the relevant family rule and follow through consistently with consequences.
- Have a plan. This means thinking about how you’ll handle small disagreements as well as big fights. For example, you can help children work out small disagreements together, but you might decide to use consequences for fights involving physical violence, or for fights that happen after you’ve all agreed on a solution to a problem.
Problem-solving after a sibling fight: steps for older children
What you do after a fight can help school-age children learn how to solve their own problems in the future. For best results, wait until tempers have cooled and children are ready to reason again. Then follow these steps.
- Let children know what you plan to do. For example, ‘I’ve decided that neither of you should use the computer until we can find a way to stop the fighting. Do you understand? Are you willing to work on solving the problem now?’
- Ask both children to say what they think the problem is. Encourage them to try to see it from the other person’s point of view as well as their own. You could tell them that two people might still disagree even when they both have valid points of view. You might need to remind them to listen to each other before talking.
- Ask both children to say what they want to happen. You can also help them think about their expectations. For example, ‘Tegan, is it fair for you to have the computer all the time?’
- Brainstorm together. Let the children go wild with ideas on how to solve the problem, and encourage them without judging their ideas. Throw in some ideas of your own, and write them all down.
- Rate the ideas. Start by asking the children to think of which ideas won’t work. Then look for the solution with the most benefits and the least drawbacks. For example, ‘Does anyone think this might work?’ ‘What would be good (or bad) about this?’
- If you can’t come up with a solution at first, come back later. You can ask the children to go away and work out some ideas together, or ask other people who have had similar problems. Or you might look for ideas in parenting books or websites.
- Once you’ve all agreed on an approach, try the solution and see how it goes. Start again if things don’t improve.
Handling your own emotions
Staying calm can really help when children are fighting. If it’s safe and you don’t need to step in immediately, it can help to stop, count to 10, and then act.
That extra 10 seconds is often enough to calm your emotions. If this doesn’t help, you might want to ask another adult to handle things while you take some time out.
When to seek help for sibling fighting
If your children are very aggressive or nasty towards each other a lot of the time, it’s time to seek help.
This kind of fighting can be very distressing for children and can lead to future problems with relationships. So if you’re concerned about how your children behave when they disagree, it’s best to speak to a professional. Start by talking with your child’s GP.
Sometimes children’s fighting is caused by a condition like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which makes it hard for children to manage their behaviour. If you’re worried about your children’s behaviour more generally, it’s also a good idea to talk with a professional.
And if you’re feeling overwhelmed or stressed by fighting, it’s worth getting support. You could start by talking to family, friends and other parents. If you need advice right away, you can try a parenting helpline.