Australian Government laws
Disability Discrimination Act 1992
This Act upholds and protects the equality of people with disability. It makes discrimination against adults or children with disability unlawful in certain situations, particularly in employment and education.
Disability Services Act 1986
This Act is a detailed guide to the funding and provision of Australian Government support services for people with disability. Under this Act, the Australian Government is largely responsible for employment services. The states and territories focus on accommodation and other support services.
Social Security Act 1991
This Act lists the conditions for getting a wide variety of social security payments, including the following:
- Disability Support Pension (DSP): this is a payment for people who are permanently blind or whose physical, intellectual or psychiatric disabilities stop them from working. The DSP can be paid only to people over 16 years of age.
- Sickness Allowance: this is a short-term payment in the form of income support to people who can’t work temporarily because of a medical condition. It can be paid only to people over 21 years of age.
- Child Disability Assistance Payment: this is an annual payment to help parents with the costs of caring for a child with disability. It’s paid to parents who already get a Carer Allowance.
If eligible, people with disability might also be able to get pharmaceutical and other medical benefits, like a Health Care Card.
National Disability Insurance Scheme Act 2013
This Act sets up the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). The NDIS is a national scheme that funds reasonable and necessary support to help people with disability reach goals throughout life. It also supports carers of people with disability.
State and territory laws
Each state and territory has disability services laws as well as specific services for people with disability, including programs especially for children and young people.
Australian Capital Territory: Disability Services Act 1991
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) provides disability services in the Australian Capital Territory.
New South Wales: Disability Inclusion Act 2014
Disability services in New South Wales are provided by the NSW Department of Family and Community Services, Ageing, Disability and Home Care, which administers the NSW Disability Inclusion Act.
Northern Territory: Disability Services Act 2012
Disability services in the Northern Territory are provided by the NT Department of Health.
Queensland: Disability Services Act 2006
Disability services in Queensland are provided by the Queensland Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services.
South Australia: Disability Services Act 1993
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) provides disability services in South Australia for young people aged 0-17.
Tasmania: Disability Services Act 2011
Disability services in Tasmania are provided by the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services, which funds, delivers and checks on services to people with disability.
Victoria: Disability Services Act 2006
Disability services in Victoria are provided by the Victorian Department of Human Services, which administers the Disability Services Act.
Western Australia: Disability Services Act 1993
The WA Disability Services Commission funds and provides services under this Act.