Baby development at 11-12 months: what’s happening
Your baby will soon be 12 months old! It’s amazing how much your baby has developed in the last year.
Your baby is now communicating in many ways – pointing, grunting, nodding, waving and often trying to talk to you too. Her babbling sounds more like a conversation, and she might say a couple of single words she understands, like ‘dada’ and ‘mama’.
Over the past few months your baby has learned to show emotions like caution and fear. He might also be more aware of his own needs and can let you know what he wants.
Play is important, because it’s how your baby learns. Your baby might look at, shake, bang, throw, drop and poke different objects. She enjoys playing with you and might start showing you things she’s playing with – for example, a toy or doll.
Your baby is getting better at using his hands and fingers and will probably be feeding himself with his fingers at most meals.
Your baby might pull herself up to stand by holding onto furniture, or she might even stand well by herself. Around now, she might take her first steps on her own or could even be walking by herself. Walking is tiring for her, though, so sometimes she might crawl instead.
At this age your baby might also:
- bounce to music
- cooperate more when he’s getting dressed
- follow instructions like ‘Give me the block’ or ‘Put the train down’
- start to link words with their meanings – for example, when you say ‘ball’ or ‘teddy’, he might look around for these things.
Helping baby development at 11-12 months
Here are a few simple things you can do to help your baby’s development at this age:
- Talk to your baby: your baby is interested in conversation, so talking about everyday things like what you’re doing will help him understand what words mean. The more talk, the better!
- Respond to ‘dada’, ‘mama’ and other words: give meaning to your child’s talking by listening and talking back to her. This encourages two-way conversation and builds your baby’s communication skills.
- Play together: give your child toys that encourage imagination and creativity, like blocks and cardboard boxes. Paints are also fun – but be prepared for some mess! Or try playing outdoors. Playing with you helps your baby feel loved and secure.
- Read with your baby: you can encourage your baby’s talking and imagination by reading together, telling stories, singing songs and reciting nursery rhymes.
- Encourage moving: moving and exploring help your baby build muscle strength. This is important for more complex movements like pulling to stand and walking. Making your home safe can help your baby move about without getting hurt.
- Feed your baby healthy food: he’ll probably love finger food, which is also good for developing his fine motor skills. Make sure your baby sits while he’s eating – this can help to prevent choking.
Sometimes your baby won’t want to do some of these things – for example, she might be too tired or hungry. She’ll use special baby cues to let you know when she’s had enough and what she needs.
Parenting a one-year-old
As a parent, you’re always learning. It’s OK to feel confident about what you know. And it’s also OK to admit you don’t know something and ask questions or get help.
When you’re focused on looking after a baby, you might forget or run out of time to look after yourself. But looking after yourself physically, mentally and emotionally will help your child grow and thrive.
Sometimes you might feel frustrated, upset or overwhelmed. It’s OK to take some time out until you feel calmer. Put your baby in a safe place like a cot, or ask someone else to hold him for a while. Try going to another room to breathe deeply, or call a family member or friend to talk things through.
Never shake a baby. It can cause bleeding inside the brain and likely permanent brain damage.
When to be concerned about baby development
Seeing and hearing
- isn’t making eye contact with you, isn’t following moving objects with her eyes or has an eye that is turned in or out most of the time
- isn’t interested in sounds
- doesn’t respond to her name when called.
- isn’t babbling
- isn’t trying to let you know what he wants using body language, sounds or words
- isn’t pointing to objects or pictures, or using gestures like waving.
Behaviour and play
Your child isn’t showing emotions like happiness or sadness.
Movement and motor skills
- isn’t crawling
- uses one hand a lot more than the other.
You should see a child health professional if you notice that your baby has lost skills she had before.
You should also see your child and family health nurse or GP if you or your partner experiences the signs of postnatal depression in women or postnatal depression in men. Symptoms of postnatal depression include feeling sad and crying for no obvious reason, feeling irritable, having difficulty coping and feeling very anxious.