About child care and early childhood education in Australia
There are five options for child care and early education in Australia:
- home-based care
- centre-based care
- family day care
- business-related creches
- outside school hours care.
Child care is also known as early childhood education and care. It’s mainly designed for children aged up to 5 years, but it also includes care for primary school-age children.
All children living in Australia have the right to use child care services. Children can’t be excluded from child care on the basis of their ethnicity, citizenship, family circumstances or ability.
Home-based care is when a friend, relative, babysitter or nanny cares for your child in your own home.
You might choose to organise home-based child care because other child care options aren’t available when you need them, or they don’t meet your needs.
Many families use informal home-based care – for example, grandparents or other relatives look after children, either regularly or occasionally.
Babysitters are handy for occasional care – for example, when you’re going out for an appointment or social event. For longer and more regular hours of care, you might choose to employ a nanny. Nannies are generally more experienced and better qualified than babysitters.
You might be able to use the Australian Government’s In Home Care program to help with the cost of home-based child care by an educator who meets minimum qualification requirements. You have to be working non-standard or variable hours, be geographically isolated, or have family challenges to be eligible.
Centre-based day care: long day care and occasional care
Centre-based care includes long day care, occasional care, preschools and kindergartens.
Long day care at a child care centre suits many families who work regular weekdays.
Some child care centres offer occasional care for families who need someone to look after their children every now and then. This is a good option if you work irregular or unpredictable hours, or you need to attend appointments or catch up on household tasks. You can express your interest in occasional care days and go on a waiting list for when other children are away.
Preschools or kindergartens operating from stand-alone centres offer education and care programs for children aged 3-5 years. Some preschools also offer occasional care days if other children are away.
Centre-based care has some advantages and benefits. It:
- is reliable
- has qualified early childhood teachers
- offers a learning and development program with structure and routine
- gives children a lot of opportunities to play and socialise with many other children.
Family day care
Family day care is when your child is looked after by an approved educator in the educator’s home.
Family day care has some advantages and benefits. It:
- is a home-based environment
- offers a learning and development program and opportunities for children to play and socialise with other children
- might be a quieter environment, which some children prefer
- can be flexible – for example, if you just need care for part of the day.
Family day care might be less reliable than centre-based care. For example, you might have to find back-up care if your carer gets sick.
If you’re interested in family day care or centre-based child care, it’s a good idea to visit family day care homes or child care centres so you can get a feel for different services. Our child care checklist can help you work out whether a particular service is right for your family.
Some businesses, like gyms or shopping centres, offer informal child care in creches so parents can use their services. These businesses might charge a fee or build a fee into the overall cost of membership or the price of their products or services.
These creches can be convenient if you need care for a brief period. They’re a good way for children to play and socialise with other children. They can also prepare children for more formalised child care in the future.
These creches don’t have to meet the same requirements as centre-based care or family day care – for example, requirements for educator-child ratios or education quality. So they won’t help your child learn and develop in the same way as a quality early childhood education and care service.
Outside school hours care
Outside school hours care is centre-based child care for families who need care before and/or after school, on student-free days and during the school holidays. It’s only for primary school-age children.
Educators in centre-based child care services, family day care and outside school hours care must be qualified in early childhood education. This means that they can be qualified teachers or educators. They have the skills and training to support your child’s learning, which is a key part of the child care experience.
Which type of child care is right for you?
When you’re trying to decide what type of child care is right for your family, you might want to consider the following questions:
- How many hours of child care do you need each week?
- What are the child care options in your area, and how much do they cost?
- Do you want your child cared for in a home or at a child care centre?
- Are you looking for child care that matches your family’s interests or values – for example, food choices, musical interests and so on?
- Do you want your child to experience different styles of care and mix with children from a wide range of social and family backgrounds?
- Are you looking for child care that’s similar to care at home?
- What are the quality ratings of the options you’re interested in? You can check quality ratings of child care services at Starting Blocks.
Registering early for child care
When you’ve decided, or even while you’re still deciding, it’s a good idea to register with any services that you’re interested in. It’s OK to put your child on more than one waiting list because you might not get all the days you need from one service alone.