About your baby’s nails
Have you ever wondered why babies scratch themselves so much? It’s because they can’t really control what their arms and legs do until they’re about six weeks old. Intentional movement comes even later, at around 4-6 months.
Newborns’ nails are soft enough that they don’t need trimming often – they’re usually worn down by your baby’s clothing. As your baby gets old enough to interact with his environment, his daily activities will also help wear down his nails.
Your baby’s nails do grow quite fast, though, so you can trim or file (using an emery board) fingernails and toenails as needed. This means just rounding off the nails so they’re smooth.
Your baby’s nails are quite soft, so you can gently nibble the nails off if you prefer not to use clippers or scissors on them.
How to trim your baby’s nails
Try to do this task when your newborn is asleep, very calm or drowsy. For older children, you can use a high chair or car seat where you can strap your child in.
These steps can make things easier:
- Use special baby nail clippers or an emery board.
- Work with someone else if it helps – one holding your baby as the other trims the nails.
- Trim toenails straight across to prevent ingrown nails.
- Talk calmly or sing to your baby as you trim the nails.
- If your baby is older, you might be able to distract her with a toy or activity.
- Involve your baby in the activity – making a game of it keeps things moving.
- Praising your baby for helping you finish can help you both feel good about getting the job done.
You can cover your young baby’s hands with a pair of soft, cotton mittens. This will stop him scratching himself or irritating any dry skin condition he has.
It’s not uncommon for young babies to get a small infection (‘paronychia’) around a fingernail or toenail. This often clears up without needing treatment. But you might need to put a small amount of antiseptic cream or liquid on the nail.
Sometimes this infection can spread further into the skin of the finger or toe, causing the area to become swollen and red.
If you notice this, see your GP. Your baby might need an antibiotic to help clear the infection. If you do put on cream to treat the infection, make sure that you put mittens or socks on your baby afterwards. This means baby can’t put her hands or feet in her mouth.