A burn is an injury to the skin from something hot. Scalds are burns from hot liquids. Scalds from hot drinks are the most common burn among children.
Treat the burn under cool running water for 20 minutes. Do this straight away. You can usually keep doing this for up to three hours after the burn.
Cover the burn with a loose, light, non-sticky dressing like cling film or a clean cloth. Raise burned limbs to reduce swelling and pain.
apply ice, iced water, lotions, moisturisers, oil, ointments, butter or flour, creams or powders to the burn. This will make the damage worse.
Thanks to St John Ambulance Australia for its help in developing this content. This article was reviewed in collaboration with the Royal Children’s Hospital Safety Centre and Emergcare: Emergency Care Education Services.
Please note: This information is not a substitute for first aid training. St John Ambulance recommends that everyone is trained in first aid. For more information, visit the St John Ambulance website.