Cleaning your son’s penis
As with any part of the body, good general hygiene for the penis will help prevent infection and disease. It’s particularly important for uncircumcised boys.
The circumcised penis
If your baby boy’s circumcised, keeping his penis clean is quite straightforward. Gently rinse the genital area while bathing. It’s not necessary to use soap. If you’re going to use soap, choose one with a built-in moisturiser, and use only a small amount. Harsh soap and excessive washing can irritate the penis.
To prevent your baby’s penis from sticking to the nappy, it’s recommended that you moisten the front of the nappy with petroleum jelly, paw paw cream or something similar.
The uncircumcised penis
Parents with an uncircumcised son often have questions about keeping the penis clean, because their child still has the foreskin covering most of the head (or glans) of the penis.
Only the outside of the foreskin needs to be cleaned during the first 2-3 years. You can do this at bath time, and bath water alone is all you need. The foreskin won’t become loose or mobile until your son’s 2-3 years old, or possibly later. It’s normal for a milky white substance (called smegma) to gather under the foreskin – this is just made of dead skin cells and natural secretions.
Cleaning and caring for your daughter’s labia
Nappy creams, sweat and other substances can collect in and around the labia. When bathing your baby girl, wet a cotton ball, hold her legs apart and wipe between the labia with the cotton ball. Start at the front and gently wipe backwards. You might notice a discharge that looks a bit like egg white. This is perfectly normal, and you don’t need to clean it away. If you’re unsure about any other discharge, see your doctor or maternal and child health nurse.
Don’t use vaginal deodorants or douches on your child, because this can upset the natural chemical balance of the vagina and increase the risk of infection. Avoid using talcum powder – it has fine particles that can be inhaled by your baby, and can sometimes cause vaginal irritation.
Bloody vaginal discharge at this age might be a normal response to maternal hormones, so there’s no need to be alarmed. But if this discharge doesn’t go away, you should contact your doctor or speak to your child and maternal health nurse.