By Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations
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The opportunities for developing numeracy are everywhere. Families can help in all sorts of ways.

Toddler concentrating on toy

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Using calculators can help your child’s numeracy.

 

What do we mean by numeracy?

Children develop numeracy skills when they use mathematical ideas in their everyday situations. They begin to make sense of these situations by asking questions such as:

  • How many?
  • Does it fit?
  • How big is it?
  • Which way will I go?
  • Is it likely to happen?
  • How much is there?
  • Will there be enough?

Families can help

You may feel that the maths children do at school is different from how you were taught, or that maths was not your best subject. However, you are still able to help your child in many ways. This information will assist you in helping children learn and enjoy using their mathematical ideas in daily activities.

Responding to children’s ideas:

  • listening to, and talking with them about the number, shape and size of things in, for example, games, constructions, drawings, rhymes and stories
  • asking questions like:
    • What might happen if ...?
    • Why does ...?
    • How do you know that?  
  • pointing out:
    • numbers in magazines, books, signs, prices, packaging and numberplates
    • how these numbers help us to know how to find things, to know how much, to know how many and to know which one
  •   looking for opportunities where children can:
    • sort, organise and count collections of things like clothes, toys, books, shells, rocks and birthday candles
    • choose from a variety of materials of different shapes and sizes to use for play and solving problems
    • be involved in making plans and designing their own constructions like cubby houses, robots and sand castles.

How can families and schools work together?

  • Talk with your child’s teacher about numeracy at home and at school and raise any concerns with them.
  • Ask the teacher how you can support the class mathematics program at home.
  • Help your child to enjoy the mathematics they do at school by talking positively about work they bring home.
  • Support the teacher and school by attending parent meetings and volunteering your time or support.
  • Find out how mathematics teaching has changed since you were at school.
  • Find out how your child uses a calculator at school.
  • Help your child to plan how much money he will need for his lunch or outings at school. For example, have him write the amount on envelopes and orders. Ask him to check if he has enough money.

Using the calculator to play with numbers

When young children play with their calculator they learn to recognise the numbers on the keys. They notice that when they press a number it will show on the screen.

Children can enter numbers such as their age, telephone number, big numbers like one million, and ‘blast off’ numbers (counting down from 10 to 0).

Using the calculator to explore number patterns

To count by 1s press:
1 + = = =

To count by 2s press:
2 + = = =

Please note that some older calculators may operate differently from this.

Try this with your child and see the numbers ‘grow’ on the screen. Ask your child to stop and predict which number comes next. Check to find out.

Ask your child to say the numbers as they show on the screen. Some children enjoy writing the numbers down a long strip of paper. They could look for a pattern.

Experiment with counting on from a larger number; for example, start with 16 and count by 2s.

Now try counting backwards from 20 by 2s:
20 - 2 = = =

Using the calculator to count

  • Count the wheels on the cars by 4s.
  • Count the number of eyes in the family by 1s and by 2s.
  • Ask, ‘Did you get the same amount both times?’
  • Count to keep the score for games.

Fridge list

Families can look for opportunities to point out and respond to children’s numeracy ideas. Encourage your child to ask questions to help him make sense of his everyday situations. Here are some examples of questions you can stick on your fridge:

  • How big is it?
  • Does it fit?
  • Which way will I go?
  • Is it likely to happen?
  • Will there be enough?
  • How much is there?
  • What might happen if ...?
  • Why does ...?
  • How do you know that?
  • How many?

Travelling

  • Play games in the car such as: ‘Let’s count all the blue cars we see on our way to ...’ 
  • When your child asks, ‘How long will it take to get there?’ you can respond with, ‘It will take about the same time as it takes to ...’ (get to school, watch Playschool, etc.)
  • Stopping at a service station ask: ‘How many ice-creams will we need to buy? Do we have enough money to pay for them? How much does the petrol cost here?’

Outdoors

  • When going for a walk point out house numbers and ask your child: ‘What number do you think the next house will be? Will it be an odd or even number?’
  • When deciding what to wear, talk about the weather and ask your child: ‘Is it likely to rain today?’

At home

  • When playing computer games ask: ‘How did you know which way to go?’
  • When talking about TV programs ask: ‘What is the time? What time does the program start? Do we have enough time to read this book before it begins?’
  • When preparing a meal involve your child in deciding how much food to prepare for the whole family. You can ask: ‘Are there enough for us to have one each?’

If you would like to know more ...

  • Contact your local school or talk with your child’s teacher.
  • Look up the web and use some of the following key words to search: numeracy, number sense, mathematical games, number, chance and data.
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  • Content supplied by Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations
  • Last Updated 21-06-2006
  • Last Reviewed 02-11-2009
  • Acknowledgements

    This information was reproduced from information brochures funded by the former Australian Government Department of Education, Science and Training (now the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations) under the Australian Government's Numeracy Research and Development Initiative.