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Newborn babies need lots of sleep – but they also need to fill their tiny tummies at regular intervals. It's only when they can go for 6-8 hours without a night feed that they start ‘sleeping through the night’.

Newborn sleeping
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Newborn sleep: the basics

In the first weeks of life, babies sleep for an average of 16-18 hours a day. Sleep cycles change over time. Usually newborns sleep for 2-4 hours at a time, wake up for a feed and short play, then drop off again.

In the early days, your baby might doze off constantly without a peep (unless he has colic). Newborns might fall asleep in a baby pouch, in a pram, a car baby capsule or in a bassinet.

Where baby sleeps

Where your baby sleeps is a personal choice. It’s best made after you consider your own family’s needs and situation.

Bed sharing with a babySleeping with you
There are benefits of your baby sharing your bed (also called co-sleeping). Researchers say babies who sleep near their mothers are more likely to breastfeed successfully and for longer.

But sharing a bed with your baby is associated with an increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and fatal sleep accidents in some circumstances.

SIDS right cotSleeping in a cot
It’s recommended that babies sleep in their own beds, with the safest option being a cot in your room for the first 6-12 months. This has been shown to reduce the risk of SIDS.

Make sure your baby’s cot is set up for safe sleeping.

If you’re looking at portable cots, it’s important to find one that’s safe and easy to use.

Sleeping with siblings
Lots of new babies share a room with older siblings. This can make getting your baby to sleep a little more complicated, but there are ways to work around this.

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You can also print out our handy illustrated guide to reducing SIDS risks.

Letting your newborn fall asleep

The trick is to put your baby down to bed just before he dozes off, every time, day and night. This is so he can do the falling asleep part himself. This way, your baby can ‘learn’ to drift off without depending on you to settle him to sleep for naps and bedtime, or any time during his normal sleep rhythm.

Until your baby is three months old, she’ll still need you to feed her and change her nappy at least every four hours. (By the time your baby is three months old, she’ll be waking often at night – the idea is that she’ll be able to settle herself to sleep again.)

Comforting
Some babies do fuss and cry at sleep time. The most important thing is to do what you feel is right for you and your newborn, under the circumstances. If you’re looking for ideas, the patting settling technique might help. It can give comfort to babies without making them dependent on being walked, swung, bounced, driven or rocked to sleep every time.

If you’re thinking of using a dummy, read about the pros and cons of dummies.

In some cases, inconsolable crying can be caused by colic. It might also be overstimulation – sometimes newborns need less going on, not more. That’s why wrapping helps many newborns to sleep. It can help stop their bodies from twitching while they’re trying to fall sleep. It can also make them feel secure, like they were in the womb.

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You can also print out our handy illustrated guide to wrapping babies.

Starting a sleep routine
You can start a newborn sleep routine anytime between day one and three weeks (when newborns are so groggy, they tend to fall asleep easily). For example, if you consistently put your baby in his cot to fall asleep, he’ll soon prefer falling asleep in the cot to anywhere else.

If you can learn to predict when your baby gets tired, you can be ready with the nappy changed before your baby starts to drift off. It helps to know your baby’s sleep signs and to have a good ‘feed, play, sleep’ routine.

Sleeping through the night

Most new parents dream of getting back to their old sleep schedule. But, just as you want your baby to sleep more at night, your baby wants you to learn to rest during the day, so you can be fresh when she wakes up.

In the first few months, it’s common for newborns to wake 2-3 times a night for feeds.

Full-term newborns aged:

  • 1-8 weeks tend to wake every 2-4 hours at night to feed
  • 8-10 weeks tend to wake every 4-6 hours at night to feed
  • 10-12 weeks tend to wake every 6-8 hours at night to feed.

A baby achieves independent sleep when he sleeps for 6-8 hours during the night and can settle back to sleep without calling out to you after waking in the night. Around 60% of babies can do this by six months of age.

At 10-12 weeks old, some babies can sleep from 10 pm or 11 pm until 5 am or 6 am (as long as they’re getting enough milk during the day). But all babies are different – some like to keep us guessing about when they might start ‘sleeping through the night’.

Good sleep habits

Good sleep habits are mostly about associations with bedtime rituals and the physical sleep environment. There are also a couple of important biological clocks that shape sleep habits. It helps to understand how those things work when you’re trying to set up good sleep habits or change existing ones.

Sleep associations
Pre-sleep rituals that involve one or more parent can help promote positive associations with sleep, as long as they’re soothing (especially for a colicky baby). Rituals can include softly showering babies with affection, kisses and cuddles, bathing, comfy pyjamas, a feed, dim lights, soft music or even baby massage.

Falling asleep environment
It’s best to keep your baby’s falling asleep environment simple and consistent (and not dependent on you). This could include:

  • the familiar look, feel and smell of the cot
  • the sound of a fan
  • a snug wrapping
  • darkness (luckily, newborns are not afraid of the dark yet!).

Soon your baby will begin to associate these things with sleep – ‘Ah, I'm in my nice comfy cot. The last time I was here, I went to sleep. It must be sleepy time’.

Biological clocks
The ‘tummy clock’ helps remind us what time to feel hungry. The circadian rhythm reminds us when to feel sleepy and when to wake up. These are mostly set by what we did yesterday and the day before. Parents can help tune these clocks to fit in, as much as possible, with the rest of the family.

Sleep tips

  • You can help your newborn to associate darkness with sleep by minimising activity, noise and light when you’re feeding or changing a nappy during the night.
  • Bottle-feeding in bed isn’t a good way to help your baby get to sleep. It can cause illness if milk goes down the wrong way. And as your baby gets older and develops teeth, it can also cause severe tooth decay if milk pools in the mouth while he sleeps.
  • To sleep well and safely, babies need to be not too hot or too cold. Read more about dressing your baby for bed to help get your baby’s temperature `just right’.
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  • Newsletter snippet: Newborn sleep: in a nutshell By Raising Children Network

    Newborn babies need lots of sleep but they also need to feed at regular intervals.

    • Newborns sleep for 16-18 hours a day. They might sleep for 2-4 hours, wake for a feed and short play, then drop off to sleep again.
    • By 8-10 weeks, they might sleep for 4-6 hours at night before waking for a feed.
    • By 10-12 weeks, they could be sleeping for 6-8 hours at night.

    Encourage newborns to go to sleep independently by:

    • establishing sleep associations such as bedtime rituals and a consistent sleep environment
    • putting them to bed while they’re still awake, rather than letting them drop off while feeding or cuddling
    • wrapping them to reduce body movements and make them feel secure
    • rhythmically patting them if they’re upset.

    This article is an extract only. For more information visit raisingchildren.net.au/sleep/newborns_sleep.html

    Sourced from the Raising Children Network's comprehensive and quality-assured Australian parenting website, www.raisingchildren.net.au.


 
 
 
  • Last Updated 13-03-2014
  • Last Reviewed 26-10-2012